Yan and Huang shared the same ancestor and each one of them represented an era. Their clans later mixed together into one united group of people who became the great Huaxia Chinese. Their descendants, also known as the Chinese people, are therefore called as “the descendants of the Yan and the Huang.”
There developed a civilization in the Yellow River basin area that was comparatively at highly developed stage. And mature techniques of this civilization included water control, astronomy, calendar, and math calculation, and technologies of agriculture, animal taming, pottery making, and metal smelting, which is believed to have been developed here for at least 1,000 year earlier than those of the western world.
The most magnificent and famous scenery of the Yellow River is the Hukou Waterfall, located at the intersection of Ji County of Shanxi Province and Yichuan of Sha’anxi Province. The river water, after rushing for thousand miles, arrive at Hukou where the width of the river abruptly narrows down from over 200m to about 50m and falls to the grand but narrow gorge as if water were pouring down from a grand teapot, hence the name “Hukou” (literally means “teapot mouth” in Chinese). In 2003, Hukou Waterfall was named as a national geo-park by the Ministry of Land and Resources of the country.
The Yellow River basin area, where the soil is fertile, is famous for its varieties of products, beautiful in scenery, and in this area about 40 percent of the country’s population lives.
The river is also the major water source of Northwest and North China. It has witnessed the continuous efforts devoted to control the water. The Xiaolangdi hydraulic project and its Dam, whose construction was completed at the end of 2001, is not only the monument of the Chinese history of controlling the Yellow River water but also a masterpiece in the water conservancy history of the whole world. The project is capable of controlling flood, preventing ice-flow, generating electricity, and de-silting. The success of the project marks the prominent achievement of China in controlling the river water.
Selected From: A Legend of the Yellow River
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